There are three principal licensing procedures for vaccines in the European Selleck SAHA HDAC Union (EU): the centralised procedure, the mutual recognition
procedure and the decentralised procedure (Figure 5.4). These review procedures are expected to be completed within 210 days after receipt of a valid application. Once the manufacturer has submitted the required dossier containing technical, preclinical, and clinical safety and efficacy data, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) will complete its scientific evaluation within 210 days. Following this, a Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) opinion is issued (the advisory committee is responsible for preparing the opinions on all questions concerning medicinal products for human use for the EMA). If the CHMP opinion is positive, the vaccine will normally obtain a licence from the European Commission (EC) which will allow use of the vaccine throughout the EU. The mutual recognition and decentralised learn more procedures are European authorisation procedures which give rise to national licences, instead of an EC decision. These procedures are based on the principle of recognition
of the assessment by the Reference Member State (RMS). In the case of the mutual recognition procedure, the RMS has already issued a marketing authorisation. The RMS’ assessment report forms the basis for requesting the other Member States’ mutual recognition of the marketing authorisation (including the Summary of Product Characteristics [SmPC], package leaflet and labelling text). Member States have 90 days to review and approve the RMS’ assessment report Amisulpride and related documentation. The RMS records the agreement of all parties, closes the procedure and informs the applicant accordingly. The decentralised procedure may be used to obtain a marketing authorisation in several Member States when the applicant does not yet have a marketing authorisation in any country of the EU. The applicant requests one country to be the RMS in the
procedure. Within 120 days of receiving a valid application, the RMS prepares the draft assessment report and sends it to the Member States along with the SmPC, package leaflet and labelling text etc. The Member States have 90 days to review and approve the RMS’ assessment report and related documentation. The RMS records the agreement of all parties, closes the procedure and informs the applicant accordingly. A summary of all the products that have been accepted through the decentralised and mutual recognition procedure is published in the European Product Index on the website of the Heads of Medicines Agencies (HMA). In the USA, the development of vaccine candidates is regulated through an Investigational New Drug (IND) application which is filed with the FDA, specifically the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER).