At inclusion in the DHCS, baseline characteristics are recorded. Of special interest for the present study, HIV transmission group is recorded in the following categories: men who have sex with men (MSM), heterosexual (HSX), IDU and other/unknown. An individual is recorded as hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive if either an HCV antibody test or HCV RNA test is positive. Data are updated annually with information on antiretroviral treatment, development of opportunistic infections and other AIDS-defining
illnesses and laboratory values, including HIV RNA and CD4 cell count. Individuals living in Denmark aged 16 years or older with a diagnosis of HIV infection at the time of study entry (1 January 1995) or individuals who were diagnosed with HIV infection during the study period were eligible this website as cases for the study, and we aimed to identify up to 19 HIV-uninfected population control individuals who were matched on sex and age to the corresponding case on the Quizartinib manufacturer day of the case’s HIV diagnosis. We identified an average of 18.9 population control individuals per HIV-infected individual. HIV-infected patients were identified from the DHCS. All other individuals were presumed to be
HIV-uninfected. Risk factor information was unavailable for control individuals. Medians and interquartile ranges were determined for age, time since first HIV infection diagnosis, time to SAB and CD4 cell count. For other variables, frequencies were computed. Intergroup baseline characteristics were compared using the χ2 test for dichotomous variables and the Kruskal–Wallis test for continuous variables. The person-years at risk were counted from 1 January 1995, the date of HIV diagnosis or the date of immigration (whichever came last) until emigration, death or 31 December 2007 (whichever came first). In the analysis of risk factors, individuals were censored after the first episode of SAB identified in the Danish Staphylococcal MTMR9 Database. We computed IRs for three time periods, and stratified by HIV transmission group. To split person-years of observation (PYO) for calculation of IR, we used the Stratify macro created for sas .
Poisson regression analysis was used to estimate the overall incidence rate ratio (IRR) for SAB among HIV-infected individuals vs. HIV-uninfected individuals. Poisson regression analysis was also used in a substudy to identify risk factors for the first episode of SAB in HIV-infected individuals only and in HIV-infected individuals stratified by HIV transmission group. In the univariate model we included HIV infection (infected vs. uninfected), gender (male vs. female), age (<30, 30–39, 40–49, 50–59 and ≥60 years as a time-updated variable), calendar time period in intended clusters of 4 years (1995–1998, 1999–2002 and 2003–2007), race (Caucasian vs. non-Caucasian), HIV transmission group (MSM, HSX, IDU and other), latest CD4 count (<100, 100–349 and ≥350 cells/μL as a time-updated variable), ever initiated HAART (yes vs.