were positive in the 1–3 PCR (Table 2). Remarkably, all 18 strains were tetracycline resistant human isolates. None of the porcine strains contained an insert at the position tested. Strains positive in the 1–3 PCR were negative in the 1–2 PCR, and vice versa, showing complete complementarity of the two PCRs in PCR GDC-0068 cost ribotype 078 strains. Table 2 Detection of specific regions of Tn6164 in PCR ribotype 078 strains Strain PCR 1-2* PCR1-3§ PCR 4-5# PCR 6-7 PCR 8-9† PCR 12-2‡ 56/69 – + + – - + 26222 – + + – - + 26114 – + + – - + 26247 – + + – AG-881 manufacturer – + 26235 – + + – - + ES1203 – + + – - n.t. 6065935 – + + – n.t. n.t. 7047337 – + + – n.t. n.t. 8088158 – + + – n.t. n.t. 50/19 – + + + + – GR0106 – + + + + n.t. DE1210 – + + + + n.t. BG1209 – + + + + n.t. NO1311 – + + + + n.t. NO1307 – + + + + n.t. IE1102 – + + + + n.t. GR0301 – + + + + n.t. 10053737 – + + + n.t. n.t. *PCR only positive when no insert is present, §PCR only positive when
insert is present #PCR detects Module B, ¶PCR detects module E, †PCR detects module D. ‡ PCR only positive in strains containing half of the element. Location of the oligonucleotides used is PI3K inhibitor indicated in Figure 1. +, PCR positive; -, PCR negative; n.t., not tested. Evidence
for multiple insertions in Tn6164 All the strains that contained an insert (based on the 1–3 PCR) were further analyzed for the presence of Module B and E present in Tn6164, using primer pairs 4–5 and 6–7 (see Figure 1 top panel and Table 3). Only nine of 18 strains positive for PCR 1–3 were positive for PCRs 4–5 and 6–7, suggesting the presence of the complete element as described RG7420 cost for M120. The other 9 strains were only positive for Module B (PCR 4–5), showing the existence of alternative (shorter) elements (see Table 2), as predicted by the bioinformatic analysis. The strains that were positive for Module E (PCR 6–7) were also positive for Module D (PCR 8–9, see Table 2). In contrast, strains containing Module B, but not Module E, thus containing only half the element, also lacked Module D. This indicates that the 3’end of half the element was situated upstream of Module D.