Design module in Rosetta3 to obtain a model of the 25B6 inter action with 5 Helix. The crystal structure of the D5 5 Helix and structural model of 25B6 are superimposed in Figure 3. All three Arg residues in 25B6 have the potential to engage in favorable electrostatic interactions with 5 Helix. In position 30, the long carbon chain of Arg in 25B6 acts as the edge of not an overall concave surface into which the helices of 5 Helix are nestled. This predicted interaction is similar to that of Y30 in D5. Similarly, the extended length of Arg in position 50 and 53 results in the potential for formation of electro Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries static interactions with E156 of the CHR of the 5 Helix. The long carbon chain of R50 can potentially make van der Waals contact with H153.
On the other hand, the two Asp residues that occupy position 92 and 93 can form salt bridges with, Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries or provide electrostatic complementarity to K574 of 5 Helix. Such interactions may contribute to the high affinity interaction between 25B6 and 5 Helix. Discussion Our high throughput analysis of selectants from D5 Lib II indicates that the pool contained diverse clones with a variety of binding affinities. Interestingly, most clones maintained their specificity at both the antigen level and many retained conformational specificity. Glo bal sequence analysis of functional clones suggested LCDR1 and LCDR2 could accommodate many residues while LCDR3 was more restrictive. This may reflect biases of natural antibodies to utilize LCDR3 as a pre dominant contact region. Furthermore, we previously reported that the D5 LCDR3 contains several hot spot residues.
Therefore, it seems this region is important for recognition of 5 Helix in multiple contexts. On a clonal level, it appears there are many recognition solu tions while retaining Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries D5 like affinity and specificity. As an example, clones 25D6, 25F1, 25B6, and 25F10 were comparable to Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries D5 by our metrics but had very different LCDR features. In particular, 25B6 contains Arg in pos ition 30, 50, and 53, and Asp in position 92 and 93. It is conceivable for the charged residues in the light chain en hance stability and solubility on a very hydrophobic VH antigen binding surface, it is also reasonable to speculate that the charge residues can be used to improve overall binding interface by electrostatic complementarity.
The observation that D5 Lib I did not yield D5 like clones is surprising in light of the fact that the critical HCDR2 loop of the VH1 69 germline segment is in cluded in these two repertoires. Interactions of two hydrophobic residues GSK-3 in the HCDR2 of CR6261 were enough to trigger B cell activation. And importantly, exactly a handful of somatic hypermutations were enough to allow D5 to bind 5 Helix in low nanomolar to high picomolar affinity. Thus, inclusion of residues that have important physiochemical properties biased toward protein protein interaction should be suf ficient to yield functional clones. However, our results indicated that interactions with 5 Helix u