No differences were noted between FTLD-TDP subtypes, or between the different genetic and non-genetic forms of FTLD. No changes were seen in HDAC5 in any FTLD or control cases. Dysregulation of HDAC4 and/or HDAC6 could play a role in the pathogenesis of FTLD-tau associated with Pick bodies, though their lack of immunostaining implies that such changes do not contribute directly to the formation of Pick bodies. “
“M. Ueno, T. Nakagawa, Y. Nagai, N. Nishi, T. Kusaka, K. Kanenishi, M. Onodera, N. Hosomi, C. Huang, H. Yokomise, H. Tomimoto and H. Sakamoto (2011) Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology37, 727–737 The expression of CD36 in vessels with blood–brain
barrier AZD3965 cost impairment in a stroke-prone hypertensive model Aims: The class B scavenger receptor CD36, the receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein, mediates free radical production and brain injury in cerebral ischaemia. Free radical production is known CH5424802 in vivo to be involved in the remodelling of the cerebral vasculature of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). Accordingly, we examined whether the expression of CD36 is increased in the vasculature with blood–brain barrier (BBB) impairment and collagen deposition of SHRSP. Methods: The gene and protein expression of CD36 was examined in the vessels
of the hippocampus of SHRSP with BBB impairment and those of Wistar Kyoto rats without the impairment, by real-time RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemical techniques. Results: The gene
and protein expression of CD36 was increased in the hippocampus of SHRSP compared with that of Wistar Kyoto rats. Confocal microscopic PtdIns(3,4)P2 examination revealed CD36 immunoreactivity in perivascular microglial cells immunopositive for ED1. Immunoelectron microscopic examination revealed that the immunosignals for CD36 were located mainly in the cytoplasm of perivascular cells in vessels showing increased vascular permeability and a few in the cytoplasmic membranes of endothelial cells. Conclusions: These findings indicate that the expression of CD36 was increased in vessels with BBB impairment in the hippocampus of SHRSP and was mainly seen in the cytoplasm of perivascular microglial cells, suggesting a role of CD36 in cerebrovascular injury. “
“Methylmercury (Me-Hg) poisoning (Minamata disease: MD) is one of the most severe types of disease caused by humans to humans in Japan. The disease is a special class of food-borne methylmercury intoxication in humans as typified by the outbreak that began in 1953 in Minamata and its vicinity in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. There are 450 autopsy cases in Kumamoto and 30 autopsy cases in Niigata Prefecture related to MD in Japan. Two hundred and one cases in Kumamoto and 22 cases in Niigata showed pathological changes of MD.