Results: The survival rate of the nicotinamide-treated mice tend to be higher than that of control mice (P = 0.06). After 11 weeks of treatment the percentage of glomerular mesangial area in the kidneys from the nicotinamide-treated mice were 2/3 of that from control mice (p < 0.01). After 3 weeks of treatment gene expression levels in the kidneys of ETAR, MCP-1 and TGF-β in the nicotinamide group were approximately 2/3 of those of controls. In
contrast the expression levels of cytoprotective genes (HO-1, VEGF, and eNOS) were 10∼40% higher in kidneys of nicotinamide group than those of control group. Conclusion: Our study suggests that nicotinamide prevents the progression of IgA nephropathy. Evaluation of the effects of nicotinamide on Selleck PLX4032 proteinuria and kidney histology at stage is on-going. SEKI TAKUTO1,2, ASANUMA KATSUHIKO1,2, ASAO RIN1, NONAKA KANAE1,2, KODAMA FUMIKO1, SASAKI YU1, AKIBA-TAKAGI MIYUKI1,
HOSOE-NAGAI YOSHIKO1, KUROSAWA HIROYUKI3, HIRAYAMA YOSHIAKI3, HORIKOSHI SATOSHI1, SAITO AKIHIKO4, TOMINO YASUHIKO1 1Division of Nephrology, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine; 2TMK project, see more Medical Innovation Center, Kyoto University Graduates School of Medicine; 3Reagents Development Department, Denka Seiken Co. Ltd; 4Department of Applied Molecular Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medicine and Dental Sciences Introduction: Megalin is highly expressed at the apical membranes of proximal tubular cells. Urinary full-length megalin (C-megalin) assay is linked to the severity of type2 diabetic nephropathy. It is still unknown whether urinary C-megalin is associated with histological findings
in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients. In this study, we examined the relationship between urinary levels of C-megalin and histological findings in IgAN. Methods: Urine samples voided in the morning on the day of renal biopsy were obtained from 70 adult patients with IgAN (26 men and 44 women; mean age, 32 years). All renal biopsy specimens were analyzed histologically. Pathologic variables of IgAN were analyzed by the Oxford classification of IgAN and Shigematsu classification. Levels of urinary C-megalin were measured by sandwich ELISA. Results: Histological analysis based Thymidylate synthase on the Oxford classification revealed that the levels of urinary C-megalin were correlated with tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis in IgAN patients without reduced eGFR (OR = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.00–0.92, P < 0.05), but not in all patients. There was a significantl correlation between levels of urinary C-megalin and severity of chronic extracapillary abnormalities according to Shigematsu in all patients group (β = 0.396 P = 0.001) and patients without reduced eGFR group (β = 0.435 p = 0.002). Conclusion: It appears that the levels of urinary C-megalin are associated with histological abnormalities in adults IgAN patients.