RESULTS: All patients underwent peripheral cannulation. In 59 cases, vv-ECMO was placed in another facility with ECMO transport by helicopter or ambulance. The mean vv-ECMO support interval was 12 +/- 9.0 days (range, 1-67 days). During ECMO, 12 patients (7%) could be extubated and stepwise mobilized. Cannula-related A-1155463 mw complications during long-term support occurred in 14%, which was mostly minor bleeding. Overall
survival was 56%: 58 patients (33%) died during mechanical support, and 20 (11%) died after weaning from the system. The best outcome was noted in trauma patients. Risk factors were mainly advanced age and multiorgan failure.
CONCLUSION: Modern vv-ECMO is an excellent treatment in patients with severe ALF and should be more liberally used. J Heart Lung Transplant 2012;31:9-15 (C)
2012 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. All rights reserved.”
“We present a study of the optical properties of GaN/AlN and InGaN/GaN quantum dot (QD) superlattices grown via plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy, as compared to their quantum well (QW) counterparts. The three-dimensional/two-dimensional nature of the structures has been verified using atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The QD superlattices present higher internal quantum efficiency as compared to the respective QWs as a result of the three-dimensional carrier Fer-1 cost localization in the islands. In the QW samples, photoluminescence (PL) measurements point out a certain degree of carrier localization due to structural defects or thickness
fluctuations, which is more pronounced in InGaN/GaN QWs due to alloy inhomogeneity. In the case of the QD stacks, carrier localization on potential fluctuations with a spatial extension smaller than the QD size is observed only for the InGaN QD-sample with the highest In content (peak emission around 2.76 eV). These results confirm the efficiency of the QD three-dimensional confinement in circumventing the potential BMS-754807 manufacturer fluctuations related to structural defects or alloy inhomogeneity. PL excitation measurements demonstrate efficient carrier transfer from the wetting layer to the QDs in the GaN/AlN system, even for low QD densities (similar to 10(10) cm(-3)). In the case of InGaN/GaN QDs, transport losses in the GaN barriers cannot be discarded, but an upper limit to these losses of 15% is deduced from PL measurements as a function of the excitation wavelength. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3590151]“
“BACKGROUND: Medical and psychosocial factors are related to 1-year outcomes in the Waiting for a New Heart Study. With increased use of mechanical circulatory support devices (MCSD) over the course of the study, we can now evaluate these variables as predictors of MCSD in an extended follow-up.
METHODS: Analyses focused on 313 MCSD-free patients (82% men; aged 53 +/- 11 years) newly listed for heart transplantation (HTx).