The aim of this study was to report our experience of our pediatr

The aim of this study was to report our experience of our pediatric liver transplantation program during this period. Methods. The liver transplantation database of Hospital Luis Calvo Mackenna and Clinica Las Condes between January 1994 and July 2011 was reviewed recording age, gender, indications for

transplantation, surgical technique, complications, and survival. Survival rates Cell Cycle inhibitor were calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results. During the period described 230 transplantations were performed in 189 pediatric patients. Fifty-five percent were male patients. The average age was 5 years. The main causes of transplantation were biliary atresia (50%), fulminant hepatic failure (25%), and other cholestatic diseases by 10%. Vascular and biliary complications were the leading cause of graft loss and retransplantation. The selleckchem overall rate of retransplantation at 5 years was 20%. The technique of living donor was used in 28% of the cases. The 1-year patient actuarial survival rate was 80%, 73% at 5 years, and 68% at 10 years. In the last 3 years the survival rate at 1 year exceeds

90%. Discussion. Our program includes more than 90% of the national liver experience. The incorporation of living donor is a milestone that has enabled us to save many patients who previously died while waiting for an organ. Its use in cases of full acute liver failure has allowed us to dramatically reduce mortality on the waiting list. Our results in the last 3 years reflect the experience that results in a significant decrease in mortality, comparing favorably to other series published in the international VX-689 nmr literature.”
“The results of tests to determine the efficacy of fuel

blending and additives to reduce emissions from the combustion of agricultural fuels are presented. It was shown that peat blended with miscanthus and tall fescue has the potential to significantly reduce both PM1 emissions and problems related to ash melting. However, the high nitrogen content of the peat (1.5%) compared to the two agricultural fuels tested (miscanthus – 0.33 and tall fescue- 0.69) leads to increased NO emission with increasing proportions of peat in the blend. The results also showed that for both fuels a kaolin addition rate of 4% gave significant reductions in PM1 emissions. With increasing peat/kaolin addition ash sintering temperature increased while potassium release decreased. With further developments in the use of additives and fuel blending it is foreseen that pellets from agricultural fuels may form a viable alternative to wood pellets. (C) 2014 IAgrE. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“We recently found that the antioxidant ability was remarkably decreased in the hippocampus (Hipp) of EL at 8 weeks of age utilizing ESR spectroscopy.

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