The lesion ITF2357 exhibited low intensity on T1-weighted MRI and high intensity on T2-weighted images, with surrounding parenchymal edema. The mass exhibited gadolinium enhancement with
dural tail signs. Moreover, multiple foci of linear enhancement spreading through the sulci and into the nearby brain parenchyma were evident. At 1 month after parturition, en bloc removal of the mass, the attached dura mater and adjacent brain tissue was performed. Histologically, the mass located in the subdural space was composed of a mixture of B- and T-lymphocytes and plasma cells. Within the mass, multiple small lobules of meningothelial cells showing immunoreactivity for epithelial membrane antigen and vimentin were observed. The inflammatory cells had also infiltrated the subarachnoid and Virchow-Robin spaces, Antiinfection Compound Library screening and the dura
mater. The cerebral cortex showed ischemic changes, but no tumor cell invasion. On the basis of these histological features, the lesion appeared to be LPM with an inconspicuous meningothelial component and extensive inflammatory infiltration. This case appears to provide useful information on the pathogenesis of this variant. “
“Evidence suggests that sex hormones may play a role in the tumorigenesis of meningiomas, and studies have demonstrated the expression of hormone receptors in these tumors. Aromatase expression has been detected in several normal tissues, including neurons in the CNS, and tumor tissues. We aim to assess the expression of aromatase (ARO) and of progesterone receptor (PR), estrogen receptor (ER) and androgen receptor (AR) in both normal and neoplastic meningeal cells. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 126 patients diagnosed with meningioma (97 women and 29 men; mean age, 53.6 years) submitted to neurosurgery at Hospital São José, Complexo Hospitalar Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, southern Brazil. Control sections of normal meningeal cells, 19 patients, were obtained by evaluating the arachnoid tissue present in the
arachnoid cyst resected material. Immunohistochemistry was applied to assess ARO, PR, ER and AR. Aromatase expression was Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II detected in 100% of the control patients and in 0% of the patients with meningioma. ER was present in 24.6% of the meningiomas and in 0% of the controls, AR in 18.3% of the meningiomas and in 0% of the controls, and PR in 60.3% of the meningiomas and in 47.4% of the controls. A positive association was observed between the presence of AR and ER (OR 3.7; P = 0.01) in meningiomas. There were no significant differences in the presence of hormone receptors between meningioma histological subtypes. PR expression in women with meningioma was significantly higher than that found in men (OR 2.3; P = 0.08).