The median maternal age at the initial visit was 24 years (interquartile range
21-29) and the median gestational ABT-737 chemical structure age was 22 weeks (interquartile range 19-26). The median gestational age at birth was 38 weeks (interquartile range 36-40), and the median neonatal birth weight was 3,000 g (interquartile range 2,750-3,300). A total of 2,109 fetuses were stillborn (crude rate, 21 per 1,000 live births, 95% confidence interval 20.1 per 1,000 to 21.9 per 1,000). This included 1,049 (49.7%) stillbirths classified as “”recent”" (presumed to have occurred within 12 hours of delivery) and 1,060 (50.3%) classified as “”macerated”" (presumed to have occurred more than 12 hours before delivery). In adjusted analysis, increasing maternal age, baseline body mass index greater than 26, history of stillbirth, placental abruption, maternal selleck chemicals llc untreated syphilis, cesarean delivery, operative vaginal delivery, assisted breech delivery, and extremes of neonatal birth weight were all significantly
associated with stillbirth.
CONCLUSION: Stillbirth is a major contributor to poor perinatal outcomes in Lusaka. Many deaths appear avoidable through investment in antenatal screening and better labor monitoring. Stillbirth should be adopted
as a routine health indicator by the World Health Organization. (Obstet Gynecol 2011; 117: 1151-9) DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182167627″
“Detection of chemical modifications induced by aging-related oxidative damage in mouse metaphase II (MII) oocytes by Raman microspectroscopy.
CD-1 Metabolism inhibitor mice at the age of 4-8 weeks (young mice) and 48-52 weeks (old mice), were superovulated and oocytes at metaphase II stage were recovered from oviducts. MII oocytes from young animals were divided into three groups: A) young oocytes, processed immediately after collection; B) in vitro aged oocytes, cultured in vitro for 10 h before processing; C) oxidative-stressed oocytes, exposed to 10 mM hydrogen peroxide for 2 min before processing. Oocytes from reproductively old mice were referred to as old oocytes (D). All the oocytes were analyzed by confocal Raman microspectroscopy. The spectra were statistically analyzed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA).