The treatment groups had similar baseline characteristics except that there were more men in the group receiving combination therapy than in the group receiving epinephrine alone (P=0.03). There were no significant differences between the combination-therapy and the epinephrine-only groups in survival to hospital admission (20.7% vs. 21.3%; relative risk of death, 1.01; 95% confidence interval
[CI], 0.97 to 1.05), return of spontaneous circulation (28.6% vs. Selleck Galardin 29.5%; relative risk, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.97 to 1.06), survival to hospital discharge (1.7% vs. 2.3%; relative risk, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.02), 1-year survival (1.3% vs. 2.1%; relative risk, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.02), or good neurologic Stattic order recovery at hospital discharge (37.5% vs. 51.5%; relative risk,
1.29; 95% CI, 0.81 to 2.06).\n\nConclusions: As compared with epinephrine alone, the combination of vasopressin and epinephrine during advanced cardiac life support for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest does not improve outcome. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00127907.).”
“Bisphosphonates are widely used globally as the main treatment for osteoporosis. Both safety and efficacy have only been rigorously evaluated in studies of relatively short duration (3-5 years), with smaller extension studies. The evidence for benefit beyond five years in intervention studies is limited and does not include proven efficacy against nonvertebral BMS-777607 in vitro fractures. Observational studies suggest a sustained benefit against hip fractures. Bisphosphonates are stored in the skeleton for months to years, depending on the degree of bone turnover and the binding properties of the bisphosphonate in question. The effects of continued treatment on bone strength is not known but there are concerns that osteonecrosis of the jaw and atypical femur fractures
may stem from long term bisphosphonate use.”
“Intra-dialytic hypotension (IDH) affects as many as 15-50% of patients during hemodialysis. Several treatment approaches and preventative methods are available. These therapeutic options are often ineffective and cumbersome, and some of the causative factors such as poor cardiac reserve are commonly not amenable to any therapy. Enhanced external counter pulsation (EECP) is increasingly being utilized by cardiology services as an adjunct to the long-term management of chronic congestive heart failure as well as in the management of otherwise refractory angina. EECP works by mechanistically improving venous return, enhancing peripheral resistance, and ultimately improving the cardiac index. We speculated that bilateral lower extremity sequential compression devices (SCDs), commonly used in the inpatient setting for DVT prophylaxis, could indeed serve as mini-EECP devices. We carried out an outpatient pilot study of its use to prevent IDH in three patients who otherwise had failed other treatment approaches.