This paper describes a novel method for measuring the respective pressures applied to the breast from the IR and the paddle and a method to simultaneously measure the breast footprints on the IR and the paddle.\n\nMethods: Using a deformable breast phantom and electronic pressure-sensitive mat, area and pressure readings were gathered from two mammography machines and four paddles at 60, 80, and 100 N with the IR positioned at -2, -1, 0, +1, and +2 cm relative to the IMF (60 combinations in total).\n\nResults: Paddle and IR footprints were calculated along with a uniformity index (UI). For all four paddle/machine/pressure combinations
find more the greatest IR footprint was achieved at IMF +2 cm. The UI indicates that the best pressure/footprint balance is achieved at IMF +1 cm.\n\nConclusions: The authors’ method appears to be suited to measuring breast footprints and pressures
on IR and paddle and a human female study is planned. (C) 2013 American Association of Physicists in Medicine. [http://dx.doi.org.library.tamiu.edu:2048/10.1118/1.4792720]“
“This paper argues that indicators of anthropometric shortfall – especially low height and low weight-for-age selleck chemicals llc – are uniquely Suited for assessing absolute deprivation in developing countries. Anthropometric indicators are relatively precise, readily available for most countries, reflect the preferences and concerns of many poor people, consistent. with reckoning the phenomenon directly in the space of functionings, intuitive, easy to use for advocacy, and consistent over time and across subgroups. Anthropometric indicators can therefore complement (but not replace) standard indicators of income/consumption poverty, especially for comparisons across subgroups, within households, across countries, and Etomoxir molecular weight in the long run. In addition, the paper analyses spells of change in malnutrition over time, finding that the association between economic growth and chronic child malnutrition is very small (but statistically significant) and much lower than the elasticity of growth on poverty.
The policy implication of this finding is that direct interventions aimed at reducing infant malnutrition are required. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Six novel oleanolic acid ring-A fused hybrids (5-10) have been synthesized by employing a four step protocol with the introduction of benzylidene functionality at C-2 as the key step. Their structures were established by high resolution NMR and Mass spectral data. The synthesized compounds have been screened against seven human cancer cell lines including ME-180 & HeLa (cervix), MCF-7, MDA-MB-453 & MDA-MB-231 (breast), PC-3 (prostate) and HT-29 (colon) using MIT assay. Most significantly, compound 10 showed potent activity against the three breast cancer cell lines. The IC50 value (10.60 mu M) of compound 10 against MCF-7 found to be much lower than that of the standards and parent compound.