Corrected visual acuity from far to near, contrast visual acuity, and glare visual acuity were examined.
RESULTS: The mean corrected intermediate and near visual acuities were significantly better in phakic eyes than in pseudophakic eyes in patients in their 40s and 50s (P <=.0215); corrected distance visual acuity was similar. In the 60s and 70s age groups, there was no statistically significant difference
in corrected visual acuity at any distance. The region of accommodation at which eyes achieved a corrected visual acuity of 20/29 or 20/40 was greater in phakic eyes than in pseudophakic eyes in the GSK3326595 cost 40s and 50s age groups (P <=.0302) but was similar in 60s and 70s age groups. In all age groups, there were no significant differences in photopic or mesopic contrast visual acuity or glare visual acuity.
In patients in their 40s and 50s, the region of accommodation in phakic eyes was greater than in pseudophakic eyes; the region was similar in patients in their 60s and 70s. Because contrast sensitivity with and without glare was similar at all ages, visual function appeared to be comparable in patients 60 years and older.”
“Study Design. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of BBP interactions with BMP.
Objective. To explore bone morphogenetic buy PXD101 protein-binding peptide (BBP)’s mechanism of action, investigate an extended repertoire for BBP applications, and evaluate the usefulness of BBP as a surgical adjuvant when used with recombinant human osteogenic protein-1 (rhOP-1).
Summary of Background Data. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are osteoinductive proteins
that provide a potential alternative to autograft. Their utility is limited by cost, and potential dose-dependent risks, such as local inflammatory reactions and ectopic bone formation. BBP, a cyclized synthetic peptide, avidly binds recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) and has been shown to accelerate and enhance its osteogenic qualities.
Methods. BBP binding with 4 growth factors from the transforming growth factor -beta family were assessed using surface plasmon resonance. The in vivo retention of rhBMP-2 was quantified by comparing the percentage of retained [(125)I]-labeled rhBMP-2 in absorbable collagen sponge implants with or without BBP at 1, 3, and 7 days postimplantation. BLZ945 purchase The adjunctive effect of BBP with rhOP-1-induced bone growth was evaluated by comparing time to fusion and fusion rates in a rodent posterolateral fusion model with 2 different doses of rhOP-1 with or without BBP.
Results. BBP bound all 4 growth factors with an intermediate affinity. The in vivo retention of rhBMP-2 alone ranged from about 40% on day 1 to about 30% on day 7, whereas, the retention of rhBMP-2 in the presence of BBP was about 85% on day 1 and about 55% on day 7. The addition of BBP to rhOP-1 resulted in significantly earlier and greater fusion rates than achieved with rhOP-1 alone.